“As to the forthcoming birthday1 which you write of, on that day you will no doubt observe the recently-established customs of Anash: to be called to the Torah on the birthday itself (if it is a day on which the Torah is read), or otherwise on the preceding Shabbos; to give charity before Shacharis and Minchah on the birthday, or, if it falls on Shabbos or Yom-Tov, on the preceding day; to study an extra session of nigleh and of Chassidus, in addition to one’s regular, daily shiurim and the three shiurim of Chitas2 which apply equally to everyone, as instituted by my revered father-in-law, the [Previous] Rebbe — in Chumash, Tehillim and Tanya.”3

“On one’s birthday one should spend some time in seclusion, bringing to mind recollections from the past and pondering over them. As to those [of his bygone actions] that call for rectification or repentance, one should repent and rectify them.”4