SECTION 407 The Individuals Granted License to Go Beyond Their Shabbos Limits (1-3)

סימן תז מִי הֵם שֶׁיְּכוֹלִים לֵילֵךְ חוּץ לַתְּחוּם וּבוֹ ג' סְעִיפִים:

1 A person who went beyond his Shabbos limits for the sake of saving lives,1 e.g., a midwife who comes to deliver a child2 or the like, is granted 2000 cubits in all directions from that destination.3 [The leniency is granted] so that [limiting the person’s movement] will not present a stumbling block in the future – i.e., the person will refrain from going [to save a life] if he will [be restricted] to only four cubits in that place. If, [while proceeding these 2000 cubits, the person] reaches a city, he is considered as one of the residents of the city and is granted 2000 cubits in all directions outside the city.4

א מִי שֶׁיָּצָא חוּץ לַתְּחוּם מִשּׁוּם פִּקּוּחַ נֶפֶשׁ,1 כְּגוֹן חֲכָמָה הַבָּאָה לְיַלֵּד2 וְכַיּוֹצֵא בָזֶה – יֵשׁ לוֹ אַלְפַּיִם אַמָּה לְכָל רוּחַ מִמָּקוֹם שֶׁהִגִּיעַ לוֹ,א,3 כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא תְהֵא מַכְשִׁילוֹ לֶעָתִיד לָבֹא,ב שֶׁיִּמָּנַע מִלֵּילֵךְ אִם לֹא יִהְיֶה לוֹ שָׁם אֶלָּא ד' אַמּוֹת. וְאִם הִגִּיעַ לָעִיר, הֲרֵי הוּא כְּאַנְשֵׁי הָעִיר, וְיֵשׁ לוֹ אַלְפַּיִם לְכָל רוּחַ חוּץ לָעִיר:ג,4

2 If a person was permitted to go beyond [his Shabbos limits] and while he was proceeding on his way he was informed that the mitzvah5 that he left to perform was already completed, he may proceed 2000 cubits in all directions from his [immediate] location.6 If a portion of the Shabbos limits [of the city] from which [the person] was permitted to depart overlaps the 2000 [cubits] that he is granted from that location, he may return to his city, and then it is considered as if he never departed. [The rationale is that] the overlapping of Shabbos limits is of significance when one was permitted [to go beyond his Shabbos limits], as stated in sec. 405[:1].

ב הָיָה יוֹצֵא בִּרְשׁוּת וְהוּא הוֹלֵךְ בַּדֶּרֶךְ, וְאָמְרוּ לוֹ "כְּבָר נַעֲשֵׂית הַמִּצְוָה5 שֶׁיָּצָאתָ לַעֲשׂוֹת" – יֵשׁ לוֹ מִמְּקוֹמוֹ אַלְפַּיִם לְכָל רוּחַ.ד,6 וְאִם מִקְצָת הַתְּחוּם שֶׁיָּצָא מִמֶּנּוּ בִּרְשׁוּת הוּא מֻבְלָע בְּתוֹךְ אַלְפַּיִם אֵלּוּ שֶׁיֵּשׁ לוֹ מִמְּקוֹמוֹ – הֲרֵי זֶה חוֹזֵר לְעִירוֹ וּכְאִלּוּ לֹא יָצָא,ה,6 שֶׁהַבְלָעַת הַתְּחוּמִים מוֹעֶלֶת כְּשֶׁיָּצָא בִּרְשׁוּת,ו כְּמוֹ שֶׁנִּתְבָּאֵר בְּסִמָּן ת"ה:ז

3 All those who go beyond [their Shabbos limits] to save Jewish lives7 from non-Jews,8 from a [flooding] river,9 or from a landslide10 are granted 2000 cubits in all directions from the place where they saved the [other Jews’] lives.11 If the non-Jews were in a position of power and [hence, those who saved their brethren’s lives] are afraid to remain in the place where they saved [the other Jews for the remainder of the Shabbos, the people who left their Shabbos limits to save the lives of the other Jews] may return to their original place on Shabbos,12carrying their weapons [with them].13

ג כָּל הַיּוֹצְאִים לְהַצִּיל נְפָשׁוֹת מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל7 מִיַּד נָכְרִים8 אוֹ מִן הַנָּהָר9 אוֹ מִן הַמַּפֹּלֶתח,10 – יֵשׁ לָהֶם אַלְפַּיִם אַמָּה לְכָל רוּחַ מִמָּקוֹם שֶׁהִצִּילוּ בּוֹ.ט,11 וְאִם הָיְתָה יַד נָכְרִים תַּקִּיפָה, וְהָיוּ מְפַחֲדִים לִשְׁבּוֹת בְּמָקוֹם שֶׁהִצִּילוּ בּוֹ – הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ חוֹזְרִים בְּשַׁבָּת לִמְקוֹמָם12 וּבִכְלֵי זֵינָם:י,13