SECTION 390 [The Laws Pertaining to] a Lane in Which a Non-Jew Lives on One End and a Jew [Lives] on the Other End (1-2)

סימן שצ מָבוֹי שֶׁצִּדּוֹ אֶחָד נָכְרִי וְצִדּוֹ אֶחָד יִשְׂרָאֵל וּבוֹ ב' סְעִיפִים:

1 [By and large,] one is permitted to carry in a lane in which one non-Jew and one Jew live, as will be explained in sec. 391[:1.1 However, our Sages ruled stringently in the following, somewhat similar, situation:] A house [belonging to another Jew] was located next to the house [belonging to a Jew living in the lane with the non-Jew. However, the second Jew’s house] did not open up to this lane, but rather to another lane or to the public domain. [Although] there is a window [connecting the second Jew’s house] to [the house of] the Jew living in the lane, [the second Jew] may not establish an eruv [with the Jew living in the lane with the non-Jew] via the window they share2 so that [he3 would be able] to take his articles out to the other lane via the house of [the Jew] that is open to that lane.4 [This stringency was instituted as part of the Sages’ decree that] forbids providing assistance to an individual Jew who lives in the same domain as a non-Jew, as stated in sec. 382[:21].

[However,] even if many Jews live in one courtyard [that is situated in the same lane as the non-Jew], they are considered as one person with regard to carrying in the lane,5 as will be explained in sec. 391[:1]. Moreover, if there is a [valid] entrance between [the house of the Jew that does not open up to the courtyard and one of the homes that opens up to it and not merely a window (see fig. 104)], they may establish an eruv, as explained in sec. 382[:21].6

א מָבוֹי שֶׁדָּרִים בּוֹ נָכְרִי וְיִשְׂרָאֵל אֶחָד – שֶׁמֻּתָּר לְטַלְטֵל בַּמָּבוֹי, כְּמוֹ שֶׁיִּתְבָּאֵר בְּסִמָּן שצ"א א,1 – וְיֵשׁ בַּיִת אֶחָד אֵצֶל בֵּיתוֹ שֶׁל זֶה, וְאֵינוֹ פָתוּחַ לְמָבוֹי זֶה אֶלָּא לְמָבוֹי אַחֵר אוֹ לִרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים, וְיֵשׁ חַלּוֹן בֵּינוֹ לְיִשְׂרָאֵל – הַדָּר בְּמָבוֹי זֶה אֵינוֹ יָכוֹל לְעָרֵב עִמּוֹ עַל יְדֵי הַחַלּוֹן שֶׁבֵּינֵיהֶם2 כְּדֵי לְהוֹצִיא3 כֵּלָיו לְמָבוֹי זֶה דֶּרֶךְ בֵּיתוֹ שֶׁל זֶה הַפָּתוּחַ לְמָבוֹי זֶה, ב,4 לְפִי שֶׁאָסוּר לַעֲשׂוֹת סִיּוּעַ לְיָחִיד הַדָּר עִם נָכְרִי, ג כְּמוֹ שֶׁנִּתְבָּאֵר בְּסִמָּן שפ"ב. ד וַאֲפִלּוּ אִם יִשְׂרְאֵלִים רַבִּים דָּרִים בְּחָצֵר אַחַת – הֲרֵי הֵם כְּיָחִיד לְעִנְיַן טִלְטוּל בַּמָּבוֹי, ה,5 כְּמוֹ שֶׁיִּתְבָּאֵר בְּסִמָּן שצ"א. ו אֲבָל אִם יֵשׁ פֶּתַח בֵּינֵיהֶם – יָכוֹל לְעָרֵב עִמּוֹ, ז כְּמוֹ שֶׁנִּתְבָּאֵר בְּסִמָּן שפ"ב:6


Fig. 104: Establishing an eruv between a home that does not open to a lane shared by a non-Jew and a home that opens to a courtyard which shares such a lane. a) The house belonging to the non-Jew; b) The lane shared by the Jews and the non-Jew; c) A home in that courtyard; d) A courtyard shared by Jews; e) An entrance between that home and an adjoining home; f) A home that does not open up to the courtyard
Fig. 104: Establishing an eruv between a home that does not open to a lane shared by a non-Jew and a home that opens to a courtyard which shares such a lane. a) The house belonging to the non-Jew; b) The lane shared by the Jews and the non-Jew; c) A home in that courtyard; d) A courtyard shared by Jews; e) An entrance between that home and an adjoining home; f) A home that does not open up to the courtyard

2 [When several] Jews live in the same lane as a non-Jew, [the presence of] the non-Jew causes the Jews to be forbidden [to carry] in the lane.7 [Stringency is required in the following situation]: There were windows in the homes and/or courtyards [of the Jews in that lane] that opened to homes and/or courtyards of the neighboring Jews [living in that lane], and an eruv was established via the windows between them.8 Even though, [as a result of the eruv, all the Jews] became like residents of one house9 and they are permitted to take in and take out [articles] from house to house and from courtyard to courtyard via the windows, [nevertheless,] they are forbidden to make use of the lane via the entrances [from the homes and courtyards]10 unless they rent [the non-Jew’s rights].11 [The rationale is that] an eruv does not cause [people] to be considered as a single entity when a non-Jew is present, as explained in sec. 382[:22].

ב מָבוֹי שֶׁדָּרִים בּוֹ יִשְׂרְאֵלִים וְנָכְרִי, בְּעִנְיָן שֶׁהַנָּכְרִי אוֹסֵר עֲלֵיהֶם בַּמָּבוֹי,7 וְיֵשׁ חַלּוֹנוֹת פְּתוּחוֹת בִּשְׁכוּנוֹת הַיִּשְׂרְאֵלִים מִבַּיִת לְבַיִת אוֹ מֵחָצֵר לְחָצֵר, וְעֵרְבוּ יַחַד עַל יְדֵי הַחַלּוֹנוֹת שֶׁבֵּינֵיהֶם,8 אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁנַּעֲשׂוּ כְּאַנְשֵׁי בַּיִת אֶחָד 9 וּמֻתָּרִים לְהוֹצִיא וּלְהַכְנִיס דֶּרֶךְ חַלּוֹנוֹת מִבַּיִת לְבַיִת וּמֵחָצֵר לְחָצֵר – הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ אֲסוּרִים לְהִשְׁתַּמֵּשׁ בַּמָּבוֹי דֶּרֶךְ פִּתְחֵיהֶם ח,10 עַד שֶׁיִּשְׂכְּרוּ מִן הַנָּכְרִי, ט,11 שֶׁעַל יְדֵי עֵרוּב אֵינָן נַעֲשִׂים כְּיָחִיד בִּמְקוֹם נָכְרִי, כְּמוֹ שֶׁנִּתְבָּאֵר בְּסִמָּן שפ"ב:י