נְשִׂיאֵי חַבַּ"ד פְלעֶגְן מַעֲבִיר זיַין אֵיין פַּרְשָׁה אָדעֶר צְוֵויי דאָנעֶרְשׁטאָג בַּיינאַכט אוֹר לְיוֹם שִׁשִּׁי. פְרַייטאָג אַחַר חֲצוֹת פְלעֶגְט מעֶן אָנְהוֹיבְּן נאָכְאַמאָל פוּן אָנהוֹיבּ, אוּן מַעֲבִיר זַיין דִי גאַנצֶע סִדְרָה מִיט דעֶר הַפְטוֹרָה. שַׁבָּת אִינדעֶרפרִיה פאַר'ן דאַוונעֶן פלעֶגט מעֶן מַעֲבִיר זַיין נאָכאַמאָל פוּן שְׁבִיעִי. וועֶן עֶס אִיז אוֹיסְגעֶקוּמעֶן צְווֵיי הַפְטוֹרוֹת, האָט מעֶן געֶזאָגְט הַפְטוֹרַת הַסִּדְרָה בְּיוֹם שִׁשִּׁי, אוּן דִי אַנְדעֶרעֶ הַפְטוֹרָה (פוּן שַׁבָּת רֹאשׁ חֹדֶשׁ, מָחָר חֹדֶשׁ וכו') שַׁבָּת.

*

הַחֲלוֹמוֹת הַטּוֹבִים בְּעִנְיָנֵי תּוֹרָה שֶׁמוֹדִיעִים בַּחֲלוֹם, בָּא עַל פִּי הָרוֹב עַל יְדֵי שְׁקִידָה גְּדוֹלָה בַּתּוֹרָה בַּיוֹם, דְּכַאֲשֶׁר עוֹסֵק בַּתּוֹרָה בִּשְׁקִידָה גְּדוֹלָה, אוֹ עוֹסֵק בַּעֲבוֹדָה שֶׁבְּלֵב בִּיגִיעָה עֲצוּמָה, הִנֵּה כַּאֲשֶׁר בַּלַּיְלָה נִשְׁמָתוֹ עוֹלָה לְמַעְלָה וְשׁוֹאֶבֶת לָהּ חַיִּים מֵחַיֵּי דִלְעֵילָּא כִּמְבוֹאָר בְּזֹהַר, הִנֵּה אָז מוֹדִיעִים לוֹ חִדּוּשֵׁי תּוֹרָה בְּגַלְיָא שֶׁבַּתּוֹרָה אוֹ בִּפְנִימִיּוּת הַתּוֹרָה, אִישׁ אִישׁ כְּפִי שְׁקִידַת עֲבוֹדָתוֹ בַּעֲבוֹדַת הַיּוֹם.

The Rebbeim of Chabad [would fulfill the obligation to review the weekly Torah portion twice in the original and once in the Aramaic translation1 in the following manner. They] would review one or two aliyos2 on Thursday night. On Friday afternoon they would begin reviewing the weekly portion again from the beginning, reading the entire sidrah and the haftarah. On Shabbos morning, before praying, they would review the reading from the seventh aliyah onward again. When there were two haftaros,3 they would recite the haftarah linked to the weekly Torah reading on Friday, and the other haftarah (e.g., the one linked to Shabbos Rosh Chodeshor to the day preceding Rosh Chodesh) on Shabbos.4

*

Good dreams that communicate Torah concepts result, by and large, from diligence in one’s Torah study during the day. When a person studies Torah with great diligence or exerts himself intensely in the service of the heart,5 his soul ascends at night to the spiritual realms and draws life from the Sublime life-force, as explained in the Zohar.6 He is then informed of new insights in nigleh, the revealed dimensions of Torah, or in pnimiyus haTorah, the Torah’s mystical secrets — every individual according to the diligence of his efforts in the course of that day.7

Probing Beneath the Surface

One’s dreams are colored by the day’s Divine service — specifically, by the manner in which one navigated his way through the bustling traffic of thoughts throughout the day.8 At the same time, the most potent effect often comes from the thoughts one hosts directly before falling asleep. Thus there is a time-honored chassidic saying: “What is the sign of a chassid? Where his mind is under the covers.”

Accordingly, the Rebbe sometimes advised that at that time one should read something relatively light but spiritually inspiring, such as Likkutei Dibburim. And mashpi’im (chassidic mentors) have traditionally recommended using the few minutes before drifting off to sleep to review a chapter of Tanya and/or Mishnayos from memory.